Anthropocene in Friction. Dis-Encounters Between Geology and History

  • German Alfonso Palacio Castañeda Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Amazonia, UNAL-AMAZONIA, Colômbia.; Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Bogotá, UNAL-BOGOTÁ, Colômbia.
  • Alberto Vargas Latin American, Caribbean, and Iberian Program, LACIS-University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Elizabeth Hennessy Geography Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Palavras-chave: Antropoceno, Globalização, Mudança Global, Mundo, Terra, História Ambiental

Resumo

Este artigo chama a atenção para a necessidade de introduzir "ciências sociais" na conversa sobre Mudança Ambiental Global com o propósito de discutir a noção de "Antropoceno", como postulado por notáveis cientistas naturais (Crutzen & Stoermer 2000; Crutzen 2002). O foco dessa análise está no modo como o local e o global são colocados em atrito (Tsing, 2005). Se as ciências naturais conseguiram mostrar os perigos que a Terra está enfrentando atualmente, o que ainda não está claro é se eles entendem como as sociedades humanas (o motor principal desta era geológica) operam. Eles tendem a considerar os humanos como uma espécie, então eles redutivamente concebem o humano e o privam de seu caráter social (Moore 2015). Este artigo começa com uma discussão sobre o aparente entendimento comum em torno do global a partir de ciências naturais e ciências sociais. Propõe desafios importantes para as ciências sociais, critica o conceito de Antropoceno e pretende sugerir contribuições críticas para a forma como o global interage com o local. Através da ideia do Antropoceno, a Geologia encontra a História de maneiras que não são aceitáveis para as ciências sociais e argumenta que o Antropoceno "anthropos" não pode ser reduzido a uma "espécie" porque é uma entidade socio-ecológica.

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Publicado
2019-02-22
Como Citar
Palacio Castañeda, German Alfonso, Alberto Vargas, e Elizabeth Hennessy. 2019. “Anthropocene in Friction. Dis-Encounters Between Geology and Histor”y. Fronteiras: Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science 8 (1), 151-68. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21664/2238-8869.2019v8i1.p151-168.