Enterococci as Fecal Indicator in a Tropical Beach: A Case Study

Palavras-chave: Bactérias, Indicador Fecal, Monitoramento da Poluição, Saúde Pública

Resumo

Enterococos fecais geralmente não são virulentos, entretanto, cepas multirresistentes emergiram como principais causas de infecções hospitalares. Assim, o monitoramento periódico de enterococos deveria ser incluído em cidades com alta densidade populacional para controlar a disseminação de cepas multirresistentes no ambiente marinho. O objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar enterococos em amostras de água e sedimento intermaré em uma praia localizada perto de pontos turísticos do Rio de Janeiro. Também pretendemos avaliar se os enterococos devem ser incluídos no programa de monitoramento sanitário das praias turísticas. Para essa abordagem, monitoramos de agosto a dezembro de 2014 as bactérias indicadoras fecais (FIB) em uma praia próxima a pontos turísticos através do método de tubos múltiplos. Embora o FIB estivesse dentro dos padrões sanitários da legislação brasileira, altas densidades de enterococos (= 30 MNP.100 mL-1) foram detectadas na água coletada em agosto. Assim, o monitoramento de enterococos deve ser incluído em praias turísticas para evitar o risco de disseminação de bactérias multirresistentes entre nadadores e frequentadores da praia.

Biografia do Autor

Fernanda Silva dos Santos, Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF, Brasil.
Doutorado em andamento em Ciências e Biotecnologia pela Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF, Brasil. Mestrado em Biologia Marinha e Ambientes Costeiros pela Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF, Brasil.
Luiz Affonso de Paula Junior, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Brasil.
Mestrado profissional em Ecoturismo e Conservação pela Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Brasil.
Gabriel Farias Araujo, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública - ENSP/FIOCRUZ, ENSP, Brasil.
Doutorado em andamento em Saúde Pública e Meio Ambiente pela Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública - ENSP/FIOCRUZ, ENSP, Brasil. Mestrado em Saúde Pública e Meio Ambiente pela Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública - ENSP/FIOCRUZ, ENSP, Brasil.
Wellington Thadeu de Alcantara Azevedo, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, UFRRJ, Brasil.
Doutorado em andamento em Biologia Animal pela Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, UFRRJ, Brasil. Mestrado em Ciências Biológicas (Biodiversidade Neotropical) pela Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Brasil.
Steven Dutt Ross, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Brasil.
Doutorado em Engenharia de Produção pela Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF, Brasil. Docente na Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Brasil.
Natascha Krepsky, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Brasil.
Doutorado em Geologia e Geofísica Marinha pela Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF, Brasil. Docente na Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, UNIRIO, Brasil.

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Publicado
2020-03-04
Como Citar
Santos, Fernanda Silva dos, Luiz Affonso de Paula Junior, Gabriel Farias Araujo, Wellington Thadeu de Alcantara Azevedo, Steven Dutt Ross, e Natascha Krepsky. 2020. Enterococci As Fecal Indicator in a Tropical Beach: A Case Study. Fronteiras: Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science 9 (1), 53-72. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21664/2238-8869.2020v9i1.p53-72.