Between Land and Sea: Mangroves and Mollusks along Brazil’s Mangal Coast

  • Judith A. Carney University of California Los Angeles.

Resumo

Os ocidentais há muito consideram os manguezais como paisagens proibitivas e pestilentas. Enquanto a medicina moderna transformou sua reputação mortal, a percepção permaneceu como de um ambiente que era pouco mais do que um deserto tropical. A Cúpula da Terra de 1992 no Rio de Janeiro mudou profundamente este ponto de vista, chamando a atenção para o ecossistema como um habitat crucial para os ciclos de vida de muitas espécies e fauna ameaçada, mas cada vez mais em risco de desmatamento. As iniciativas de conservação nos anos que se seguiram à Cúpula do Rio, entretanto, raramente reconhecem os manguezais como um habitat que há muito dá suporte à vida humana. Isto é evidente nos sambaquis encontrados ao longo dos Manguezais da costa e no registro histórico dos moluscos colhidos para a dieta proteica. Com foco no Brasil, este artigo examina os mariscos que sustentaram ameríndios, africanos escravizados, e seus descendentes ao longo dos Mangais da costa desde os tempos pré-Colombianos. A discussão alega que as florestas de manguezais do Brasil não podem ser separadas da história dos povos tropicais que viveram e manejaram esse ecossistema desde os tempos antigos até o presente. Finalmente, o artigo conclui que um foco de pesquisa sobre moluscos sugere laços mais amplos com a história do Atlântico Sul.

Biografia do Autor

Judith A. Carney, University of California Los Angeles.
Department of Geography, University of California Los Angeles.

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Publicado
2016-12-20
Seção
Dossiê - Uso e conservação da Biodiversidade